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Complied by Cass Gilroy-Business Editor

Negative impact of mining industry on Ghana’s water

Gold mining in Ghana dates back to when Ghana was known as the Gold Coast. And ever since then, mining has been one of the strongest forces for Ghana's economy. Ghana today stands as the second largest producer of Gold in Africa, and the 11th in the World. The mining sector's contribution to the country's foreign exchange earnings is very impressive. 

But with most of these mining projects being located in rural areas, The mining companies have had to invest considerable infrastructure such as roads, schools, hospitals, and electricity into the local communities. 

But unfortunately, some of these communities have become the very victims of water pollution and other forms of environmental degradation. Water is an important ingredient in every mining process especially for the processing of mineral deposits. And the usage of water during mining sometimes brings adverse effects on our water resources. Quite recently, the Ministry of Water Resources, Works and Housing, declared a vision of ensuring that by year 2015, portable water would be accessible to everybody in every corner of Ghana. 

A recent draft report has suggested that the Environmental Protection Agency would do the country a great deal of service by ensuring that all mining companies have purposeful water management programmes that will protect water resources from being contaminated by water containing cyanide or other harmful chemicals used in mining.


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